Category Archives: Science Daily


Feb

23

2017
Tired teens 4.5 times more likely to commit crimes as adults

Tired teens 4.5 times more likely to commit crimes as adults

Teenagers who self-report feeling drowsy mid-afternoon also tend to exhibit more anti-social behavior such as lying, cheating, stealing and fighting. Now, research from the University of Pennsylvania and the University of York, in the United Kingdom, shows that those same teens are 4.5 times more likely to commit violent crimes a decade and a half later. “It’s the first study to our knowledge to show…

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Feb

22

2017
Cat ownership not linked to mental health problems

Cat ownership not linked to mental health problems

New UCL research has found no link between cat ownership and psychotic symptoms, casting doubt on previous suggestions that people who grew up with cats are at higher risk of mental illness. Recent research has suggested that cat ownership might contribute to some mental disorders, because cats are the primary host of the common parasite Toxoplasma Gondii (T. Gondii), itself linked to mental health problems…

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Feb

21

2017
Anti-epilepsy medicine taken by pregnant women does not harm the child’s overall health

Anti-epilepsy medicine taken by pregnant women does not harm the child’s overall health

Children whose mothers have taken anti-epilepsy medicine during pregnancy, do not visit the doctor more often than children who have not been exposed to this medicine in utero. This is the result of a new study from Aarhus. Previous studies have shown that anti-epilepsy medicine may lead to congenital malformations in the fetus and that the use of anti-epilepsy medicine during pregnancy affects the development…

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Feb

21

2017
Family focused interventions for at risk children and youth

Family focused interventions for at risk children and youth

Children and youth who experience adversity during childhood may suffer serious psychological and psychiatric difficulties as a result. Adversity may range, for example, from chronic poverty to parents’ mental health problems. A new special section published in the journal Child Development includes articles from 12 sets of experts on how interventions can be developed to maximize resilience among children experiencing adversity and improve outcomes for…

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Feb

21

2017
Students more likely to succeed if teachers have positive perceptions of parents

Students more likely to succeed if teachers have positive perceptions of parents

Parental involvement is commonly viewed as vital to student academic success by most education experts and researchers; however, the quality of research on how to measure and improve parental involvement is lacking. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have found that teacher ratings of parental involvement early in a child’s academic career can accurately predict the child’s academic and social success. Additionally, they found…

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Feb

21

2017
New behavioral therapy to support Japanese mothers of children with ADHD

New behavioral therapy to support Japanese mothers of children with ADHD

OIST researchers have successfully adapted a parent-training program for ADHD for use with families in Japan, where ADHD-specific behavioral interventions are limited. The results of the proof-of-concept of the new program, the “New Forest Parenting Programme-Japan,” published in Japanese Psychological Research, show reductions in children’s ADHD symptoms and improvements in parent-child relationships, suggesting that the parent-training program might prove to be an effective mainstream behavioral…

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Feb

21

2017
Zika may cause miscarriages, thin brain tissue in babies carried to term

Zika may cause miscarriages, thin brain tissue in babies carried to term

Johns Hopkins researchers say that in early pregnancy in mice with complete immune systems, Zika virus can cross the placenta — intended to protect the developing fetus — and appears to lead to a high percentage of miscarriages and to babies born with thin brain tissue and inflammation in brain cells. By administering Zika virus directly into the reproductive tract of pregnant mice that have…

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Feb

21

2017
Teens with PTSD, conduct disorder have difficulty recognizing facial expressions

Teens with PTSD, conduct disorder have difficulty recognizing facial expressions

Adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are more likely to misidentify sad and angry faces as fearful, while teens with symptoms of conduct disorder tend to interpret sad faces as angry, finds a study by NYU’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. “Our findings suggest that exposure to stress and trauma can have acute emotional impacts that simply translate to misidentification of…

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Feb

17

2017
How humans bond: The brain chemistry revealed

How humans bond: The brain chemistry revealed

In new research published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Northeastern University psychology professor Lisa Feldman Barrett found, for the first time, that the neurotransmitter dopamine is involved in human bonding, bringing the brain’s reward system into our understanding of how we form human attachments. The results, based on a study with 19 mother-infant pairs, have important implications for therapies…

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