Category Archives: Science Daily


Feb

17

2017
How dads bond with toddlers: Brain scans link oxytocin to paternal nurturing

How dads bond with toddlers: Brain scans link oxytocin to paternal nurturing

Fathers given boosts of the hormone oxytocin show increased activity in brain regions associated with reward and empathy when viewing photos of their toddlers, an Emory University study finds. “Our findings add to the evidence that fathers, and not just mothers, undergo hormonal changes that are likely to facilitate increased empathy and motivation to care for their children,” says lead author James Rilling, an Emory…

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Feb

17

2017
Mothers and infants connect through song

Mothers and infants connect through song

As one of the first records of human music, infant-directed singing permeates cultural boundaries and parenting traditions. Unlike other forms of caregiving, the act of mothers singing to infants is a universal behavior that seemingly withstands the test of time. On the surface, the exchange between mother and child may seem standard, but to Shannon de l’Etoile, professor of Music Therapy and associate dean of…

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Feb

16

2017
More extremely preterm babies survive, live without neurological impairment

More extremely preterm babies survive, live without neurological impairment

Babies born at just 22 to 24 weeks of pregnancy continue to have sobering outlooks — only about 1 in 3 survive. But according to a new study led by Duke Health and appearing Feb. 16 in the New England Journal of Medicine, those rates are showing small but measurable improvement. Compared to extremely preterm babies born a decade earlier, the study found a larger…

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Feb

16

2017
Brain differences in ADHD

Brain differences in ADHD

Largest imaging study of ADHD to date identifies differences in five regions of the brain, with greatest differences seen in children rather than adults. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with the delayed development of five brain regions and should be considered a brain disorder, according to a study published in The Lancet Psychiatry. The study is the largest to look at the brain volumes…

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Feb

15

2017
MRIs predict which high-risk babies will develop autism as toddlers

MRIs predict which high-risk babies will develop autism as toddlers

Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in infants with older siblings with autism, researchers from around the country were able to correctly predict 80 percent of those infants who would later meet criteria for autism at two years of age. The study, published in Nature, is the first to show it is possible to identify which infants — among those with older siblings with autism —…

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Feb

15

2017
When does a man say ‘I’m the father’?

When does a man say ‘I’m the father’?

American men much more readily acknowledge that they are the legal father of a child born out of wedlock when the woman involved is more affluent, educated, and healthy. It also helps (slightly) if the baby is a boy, says Kermyt Anderson of the University of Oklahoma in the US, after scrutinizing data from 5.4 million births in a study published in Springer’s journal Human…

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Feb

15

2017
Depression symptoms among men when their partners are pregnant

Depression symptoms among men when their partners are pregnant

Men who were stressed or in poor health had elevated depression symptoms when their partners were pregnant and nine months after the birth of their child, according to the results of a study of expectant and new fathers in New Zealand published online by JAMA Psychiatry. The research by Lisa Underwood, Ph.D., of the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and coauthors follows up on their…

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Feb

14

2017
Parenting significantly impacts development of children with Fragile X Syndrome

Parenting significantly impacts development of children with Fragile X Syndrome

University of Kansas researchers have found that certain specific parenting practices are significantly associated with the development of communication and language skills in children with Fragile X syndrome. These same parent behaviors are also associated with the growth of socialization and daily living skills of these children. Parenting even mitigated declines often reported in children with FXS beginning in middle childhood. Fragile X Syndrome is…

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Feb

14

2017
Do children inherit drug protection from parents exposed to nicotine or drugs?

Do children inherit drug protection from parents exposed to nicotine or drugs?

A father’s nicotine use may have a significant impact on children’s risk of some diseases. In a study published in the online biomedical sciences journal eLife, Oliver J. Rando, MD, PhD, and colleagues at UMass Medical School, demonstrate that mice born of fathers who are habitually exposed to nicotine inherit enhanced chemical tolerance and drug clearance abilities. These findings offer a powerful framework for exploring…

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Feb

13

2017
Low birth weight babies at higher risk for mental health problems later in life

Low birth weight babies at higher risk for mental health problems later in life

Babies born with extremely low birth weight are not only at risk for physical problems but are also more likely to experience mental health problems later in life, according to an analysis of research conducted over nearly 30 years. “Our findings provide evidence that individuals born at extremely low birth weight are at higher overall risk for psychological difficulties than their normal birth weight peers….

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