Category Archives: Science Daily


Jun

07

2017
Predicting autism: Study links infant brain connections to diagnoses at age 2

Predicting autism: Study links infant brain connections to diagnoses at age 2

For the first time, autism researchers used MRIs of six-month olds to show how brain regions are connected and synchronized, and then predict which babies at high risk of developing autism would be diagnosed with the condition at age two. A previous UNC-lead study, published in Nature in February, used MRIs to determine differences in brain anatomy that predict which babies would develop autism as…

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Jun

07

2017
Neuroimaging technique may help predict autism among high-risk infants

Neuroimaging technique may help predict autism among high-risk infants

Functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) may predict which high-risk, 6-month old infants will develop autism spectrum disorder by age 2 years, according to a study funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), two components of the National Institutes of Health. The study is published in the June 7,…

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Jun

07

2017
Overweight children are being excluded from friendships, study finds

Overweight children are being excluded from friendships, study finds

Overweight children have more unreciprocated friendships and frenemies than their thinner counterparts, a Keck School of Medicine of USC study finds. In a survey of 504 preteens in the Netherlands, researchers found that overweight children are excluded from friendships, call classmates friends when the feeling is not mutual and are disliked by peers. And overweight children dislike more classmates than their thinner peers. These heightened…

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Jun

07

2017
Social support more important to mothers

Social support more important to mothers

For mothers who feel that they are not in control of certain aspects of life and who are struggling with their relationship to their teenage children, social support may make a great difference. But the same does not seem to apply to fathers in the same situation, a new study published in Family Process shows. “Parenting teenagers is not always easy. We wanted to look…

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Jun

07

2017
What causes women to stop breastfeeding early?

What causes women to stop breastfeeding early?

A recent systematic literature review has investigated potential sociodemographic, physical, mental, and social factors that may cause breastfeeding mothers to stop breastfeeding before infants reach 6 months of age. Mothers who were young, had a low level of education, and returned to work within 12 weeks after giving birth were more likely to stop breastfeeding before 6 months. Those who gave birth by caesarean section…

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Jun

06

2017
Is there a link between infertility and child educational outcomes?

Is there a link between infertility and child educational outcomes?

How does resolved parental infertility relate to children’s performance in school? A University of Illinois at Chicago sociologist considers this question in a sample of all Swedish births between 1988 and 1995. Findings from the co-authored study suggest that involuntary childlessness prior to either a first or a second birth is associated with lower academic achievement — both test scores and grade point average —…

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Jun

05

2017
Mom and baby sleeping in same room associated with less sleep, unsafe sleep habits

Mom and baby sleeping in same room associated with less sleep, unsafe sleep habits

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends parents keep babies in the same room with them to sleep for the first year to prevent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). But room sharing between babies and mothers beyond the first four months is associated with less sleep for babies and unsafe sleeping practices the AAP is hoping to prevent, according to Penn State College of Medicine…

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Jun

04

2017
Babies born to mothers with sleep apnea have higher risk of adverse neonatal outcomes

Babies born to mothers with sleep apnea have higher risk of adverse neonatal outcomes

A new study is the first to demonstrate a higher risk of congenital anomalies and resuscitation at birth in newborns of mothers who have obstructive sleep apnea. Preliminary results show that newborns of mothers with sleep apnea were more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit (25.3% vs. 8.1%) or special care nursery (34.9% vs. 13.6%), and they were 2.76 times more likely…

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Jun

02

2017
Hospitalization risk factors for kids with autism identified

Hospitalization risk factors for kids with autism identified

Children or teens with autism spectrum disorders often come to hospitals when behavioral episodes overwhelm the support that caregivers can provide at home — but resources at hospitals are sometimes limited, too, says clinical psychologist and researcher Giulia Righi. With that reality in mind, Righi led a new study to identify which factors put young people with autism at especially high risk of seeking inpatient…

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Jun

01

2017
Taking antidepressants during pregnancy not associated with neonatal problems at 2-4 weeks

Taking antidepressants during pregnancy not associated with neonatal problems at 2-4 weeks

Babies exposed to an antidepressant or a mood disorder during fetal life did not have any more signs of irritability, difficulty feeding, sleep disturbances and respiratory problems two to four weeks after birth than babies who were not exposed. Instead, the major factor associated with newborn problems was preterm birth, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study. Similar studies have assessed babies earlier — less…

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