Category Archives: Science Daily


Dec

07

2016
Beware: Children can passively ‘smoke’ marijuana, too

Beware: Children can passively ‘smoke’ marijuana, too

Relaxing with a joint around children is not very wise. Not only do youngsters inhale harmful secondary smoke in the process, but the psychoactive chemicals in the drug are taken up by their bodies as well. This warning comes from Karen Wilson of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and the American Academy of Pediatrics Julius B. Richmond Center of Excellence in the…

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Dec

06

2016
Improving child-teacher interactions can reduce preschoolers’ stress levels

Improving child-teacher interactions can reduce preschoolers’ stress levels

A school-based intervention that promotes warm and caring interactions between a teacher and child can reduce the child’s stress in the classroom, a new study has found. The intervention was designed for teachers of preschool-aged children and focused on fostering close teacher-child relationships through one-on-one play. Children who participated in the intervention showed reduced levels of the hormone cortisol, an indicator of stress, said Bridget…

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Dec

06

2016
Let your kids lose: Success inhibits preschoolers’ ability to establish selective trust

Let your kids lose: Success inhibits preschoolers’ ability to establish selective trust

Moms and dads take note: While you may think letting your preschooler win at Go Fish builds self-confidence, you could actually be doing your child a disservice. Amherst College psychology professor Carrie Palmquist and former student Ashleigh Rutherford have found that when young kids experience “illusory success” related to a particular task, their ability to formulate and act on judgments they make about their own…

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Dec

06

2016
Babies’ first words can be predicted based on visual attention

Babies’ first words can be predicted based on visual attention

Indiana University psychologists have shown that a baby’s most likely first words are based upon their visual experience, laying the foundation for a new theory of infant language learning. The findings also suggest new possibilities for the treatment of children with language deficits and autism. Drawing on theories of statistical learning, IU researcher Linda Smith and colleagues found that the number of times an object…

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Dec

05

2016
Aspects of family relationships that may affect children’s disruptive behavior

Aspects of family relationships that may affect children’s disruptive behavior

A new study has examined the interaction between coparenting and coercive parenting in predicting children’s disruptive behavior. Coparenting describes the way in which adults work together in their role as parents. (For example, high quality coparenting may include expressions of warmth during interactions with the child, shared child-rearing values, and actions that support and extend a coparent’s parenting efforts. Lower quality coparenting may involve criticism,…

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Dec

02

2016
Link found between antidepressant use and congenital anomalies or stillbirths

Link found between antidepressant use and congenital anomalies or stillbirths

Academics at Swansea University have carried out a dose-response analysis which suggests that pregnant women who take a specific type of antidepressant in early pregnancy have a small but significantly greater risk of having babies with major congenital anomalies (sometimes referred to as birth defects) or stillbirths compared with those who did not take these antidepressants. Professor Sue Jordan, of the College of Human and…

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Nov

29

2016
Link found between epilepsy drugs and birth defects

Link found between epilepsy drugs and birth defects

A joint study conducted by researchers from the universities of Liverpool and Manchester has found a link between birth defects and certain types of epilepsy medication. For most women who have epilepsy, continuing their medication during pregnancy is important for their health. Over the last 25 years, research has shown that children exposed to these medications in the womb can be at a higher risk…

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Nov

29

2016
Young children’s spatial talk predicts their spatial abilities

Young children’s spatial talk predicts their spatial abilities

It’s not how many words a kid knows; it’s how they choose them that tells Hilary Miller the most about their spatial skills. That grasp of the layout of their physical word — understanding where they are relative to a friend, imagining how to rotate puzzle pieces to fit them together, conjuring a mental map of the park — is important. “We know that better…

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