A research team studying MRI scans of school-age children’s brains found unique patterns of neural communication involving the amygdala, the area of the brain responsible for processing social information. In children with ASDs, the amygdala connections with other parts of the brain proved to be weaker with some regions — and stronger with others — when compared with typically developing children of the same age.
Researchers examined characteristics of four different smoke alarms to determine which ones worked best to wake children. The researchers found that a sleeping child was about three times more likely to be awakened by one of the three voice alarms than by the tone alarm.
Thyroid hormones are essential for normal brain development, but many pregnant women do not produce enough. Thyroid testing and replacement therapy are simple and widely available — so why do countries like the UK and USA not offer screening to all newly pregnant women?
Scared, ashamed, happy or proud — how do children feel when they lose their first baby tooth? Scientists have now found that children’s feelings are predominantly positive. The study also reveals that previous visits to the dentist’s as well as parental background and level of education affect how children experience the loss of their first tooth.
A developmental psychologist has completed a study that is the first to measure how often infants spend time in different body positions over the first year of life. The study aims to understand how the physical context of infants’ everyday experiences – in particular, how much time they spend in different body positions – changes over the course of the first year and how these…
Though they can be difficult to detect, gastrointestinal disorders are common in kids with autism, sometimes causing anger, aggression, and other behavior problems.
For preterm infants, skin-to-skin contact affects hormone levels — and may promote parental engagement
For premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), skin-to-skin contact with parents influences levels of hormones related to mother-infant attachment (oxytocin) and stress (cortisol) — and may increase parents’ level of engagement with their infants.
New research gives the clearest guidance yet on how schools can best support children with ADHD to improve symptoms and maximize their academic outcomes.
A father’s exposure to nicotine may cause cognitive deficits in his children and even grandchildren, according to a new study. The effect, which was not caused by direct secondhand exposure, may be due to epigenetic changes in key genes in the father’s sperm.
Researchers looked at the mechanisms involved in language learning among nine-month-olds, the youngest population known to be studied in relation to on-screen learning.