Snakes and spiders evoke fear and disgust in many people, even in developed countries where hardly anybody comes into contact with them. Until now, there has been debate about whether this aversion is innate or learnt. Scientists have recently discovered that it is hereditary: Even babies feel stressed when seeing these creatures – long before they could have learnt this reaction.
According to a recent study, parental support for the autonomy of young people promotes the well-being of the latter in all major educational transitions: from primary to lower secondary school, from basic education to upper secondary school, and from upper secondary school to university.
Researchers found that about 40 percent of adolescents in 2015 slept less than 7 hours a night, which is 58 percent more than in 1991 and 17 percent more than in 2009. They further learned that the more time young people reported spending online, the less sleep they got. Teens who spent 5 hours a day online were 50 percent more likely to not sleep…
One of the largest and best-documented trials of children receiving early antiretroviral therapy — the CHER clinical trial in South Africa — finds ongoing white matter damage in HIV-positive children at the age of 7 years. The study aims to contribute to a better understanding of brain development in HIV-infected and exposed children, as well as the impact of long-term antiretroviral treatment.
When talking with their young infants, parents instinctively use ‘baby talk,’ a unique form of speech including exaggerated pitch contours and short, repetitive phrases. Now, researchers have found another unique feature of the way mothers talk to their babies: they shift the timbre of their voice in a rather specific way. The findings hold true regardless of a mother’s native language.
Forty world experts on child development and mental health have released a joint statement calling for caution when applying an influential classification for assessing infant mental health and potential cases of abuse.
Children with attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) are likely to also have trouble with touch (tactile) processing. A new study finds that children with ADHD fare worse on several tests of tactile functioning, including reaction time and detecting a weak stimulus on the skin (detection threshold).
Children with autism are more likely to show severe social symptoms if their mother had chronic asthma or allergies while pregnant, a new study reveals.
Oxytocin is indispensable for developing the social brain. Suckling babies absorb oxytocin from mother’s milk, but gut closure occurs soon after birth to prevent uptake of undesired and desired macromolecules. Researchers have found that the molecule RAGE, on the intestinal epithelium, transports oxytocin into the blood even after gut closure. This finding suggests the advantage of breastfeeding and oral oxytocin administration to increase its concentration…
Younger primary school children are more likely to be diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than their older peers within the same school year, new research has shown.