Feb

21

2017
Students more likely to succeed if teachers have positive perceptions of parents

Students more likely to succeed if teachers have positive perceptions of parents

Parental involvement is commonly viewed as vital to student academic success by most education experts and researchers; however, the quality of research on how to measure and improve parental involvement is lacking. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have found that teacher ratings of parental involvement early in a child’s academic career can accurately predict the child’s academic and social success. Additionally, they found…

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Feb

21

2017
New behavioral therapy to support Japanese mothers of children with ADHD

New behavioral therapy to support Japanese mothers of children with ADHD

OIST researchers have successfully adapted a parent-training program for ADHD for use with families in Japan, where ADHD-specific behavioral interventions are limited. The results of the proof-of-concept of the new program, the “New Forest Parenting Programme-Japan,” published in Japanese Psychological Research, show reductions in children’s ADHD symptoms and improvements in parent-child relationships, suggesting that the parent-training program might prove to be an effective mainstream behavioral…

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Feb

21

2017
Zika may cause miscarriages, thin brain tissue in babies carried to term

Zika may cause miscarriages, thin brain tissue in babies carried to term

Johns Hopkins researchers say that in early pregnancy in mice with complete immune systems, Zika virus can cross the placenta — intended to protect the developing fetus — and appears to lead to a high percentage of miscarriages and to babies born with thin brain tissue and inflammation in brain cells. By administering Zika virus directly into the reproductive tract of pregnant mice that have…

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Feb

21

2017
Teens with PTSD, conduct disorder have difficulty recognizing facial expressions

Teens with PTSD, conduct disorder have difficulty recognizing facial expressions

Adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are more likely to misidentify sad and angry faces as fearful, while teens with symptoms of conduct disorder tend to interpret sad faces as angry, finds a study by NYU’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. “Our findings suggest that exposure to stress and trauma can have acute emotional impacts that simply translate to misidentification of…

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Feb

21

2017

Language Lessons Start in the Womb

February 21, 2017 The Checkup By PERRI KLASS, M.D. New research is teasing out more of the profoundly miraculous process of language learning in babies. And it turns out that even more is going on prenatally than previously suspected. By looking at international adoptees — babies who were adopted soon after birth and who grow up hearing a different language than what they heard in…

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Feb

21

2017
As They Dig Deeper Into Parenting, Fathers Seek Community, Support

As They Dig Deeper Into Parenting, Fathers Seek Community, Support

Enlarge this image Resources to help parents are typically aimed at moms, not dads. DGLimages/Getty Images/iStockphoto hide caption toggle caption DGLimages/Getty Images/iStockphoto As a Seattle-based fiction writer and a part-time stay-at-home dad, Josh Mohr, 40, spends his days in the world of make-believe. His routine begins at approximately 5:30 a.m. when his 3-year-old daughter, Ava, waves a magic wand to turn him into a children’s…

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Feb

19

2017
Top Items On This 12-Year-Old’s Wish List: ‘A Leg, A Bicycle’

Top Items On This 12-Year-Old’s Wish List: ‘A Leg, A Bicycle’

Enlarge this image Sundaygar Moses, now 12, was suffered a gunshot wound as an infant. Due to an infection, his right leg had to be amputated beneath the knee. His new prosthetic is a close match to his skin tone. Carielle Doe for NPR hide caption toggle caption Carielle Doe for NPR The Children’s Relief Ministry orphanage sits at the end of a dirt road…

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Feb

17

2017
How humans bond: The brain chemistry revealed

How humans bond: The brain chemistry revealed

In new research published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Northeastern University psychology professor Lisa Feldman Barrett found, for the first time, that the neurotransmitter dopamine is involved in human bonding, bringing the brain’s reward system into our understanding of how we form human attachments. The results, based on a study with 19 mother-infant pairs, have important implications for therapies…

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Feb

17

2017
How dads bond with toddlers: Brain scans link oxytocin to paternal nurturing

How dads bond with toddlers: Brain scans link oxytocin to paternal nurturing

Fathers given boosts of the hormone oxytocin show increased activity in brain regions associated with reward and empathy when viewing photos of their toddlers, an Emory University study finds. “Our findings add to the evidence that fathers, and not just mothers, undergo hormonal changes that are likely to facilitate increased empathy and motivation to care for their children,” says lead author James Rilling, an Emory…

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