A new study examines whether pregnancy changes mothers’ neural sensitivity to infants’ facial cues, and whether such changes affect mother-infant bonding. The study finds that increases in cortical responses to infants’ faces from the prenatal to the postnatal period in individual mothers are associated with more positive relationships with the baby (as reported by the mothers) after birth.
A new “child friendliness” index praises such countries as Namibia and Lesotho — and “names and shames” poor performers. (Image credit: Eric Lafforgue/Getty Images)
A new review of sleep research backs use of bedtime routines to promote healthy sleep for children.
No longer do kids with concussions need to sit in dark rooms for days on end. For the first time in nearly a decade, the nation’s pediatricians have loosened their guidance on concussion recovery. (Image credit: Allie Wilson/Getty Images/EyeEm)
In Liyana, filmmakers let kids make up the story. The hybrid documentary/animated film has earned prizes, raves — and a 100 percent rating on Rotten Tomatoes. (Image credit: Intaba Creative LLC)
African-American children often are reported by parents and teachers to display behaviors of ADHD at a higher rate than children from other racial and ethnic groups. For the first time, researchers have found that African-American mothers in a study rated boys as displaying more frequent ADHD symptoms than Caucasian mothers did, regardless of child race.
MRI scans of the brains of young football players suggest that repeated blows to the head can change the shape of nerve fibers in the corpus callosum, which connects the two halves of the brain. (Image credit: groveb/Getty Images)
Infant brain development is still poorly understood. Thus, research on the topic is vital as developing brains are sensitive to early environmental factors.
The kicks a mother feels from her unborn child may allow the baby to ‘map’ their own body and enable them to eventually explore their surroundings, suggests new research. For the study, researchers measured brainwaves produced when newborns kick their limbs during rapid eye movement sleep, finding that fast brainwaves — a brainwave pattern typically seen in neonates — fire in the corresponding hemisphere.
As illegal meth use has made a comeback across the U.S., pregnant women have not been spared, doctors say. New research shows rural areas in the South, Midwest and West have been hit hardest. (Image credit: Theo Stroomer for NPR)